Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

POLS 105G: American Constitutional Law: Home

This guide will help you find information about the United States Constitution and its amendments, including primary sources.


Need help with finding sources, searching databases, formatting citations, or deciding on a paper topic? The NCC Librarians are here for you.

Both the Mack Library (Bethlehem) and ESSA Library (Monroe) are open if you'd like to visit in person, or you can chat online with a Librarian no matter where you are! Go to the Library's home page and click on the orange "Ask the Librarian" tab to start chatting. 

To find out when we're open, take a look at the Library's hours.

For more ways to reach us, and answers to our Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), click here. You can also send an e-mail question to, or set up a private appointment with a Librarian by using the "Book A Librarian" request form.

We look forward to hearing from you!

Researching Constitutional Law & History

This Research Guide will help you find Library resources that discuss the U.S. Constitution and its history, including books, journals, online subscription databases and websites.

Course Description

A survey of Constitutional law emphasizing civil rights and individual liberties, this course will provide students with a general understanding of the major issues in Constitutional law, including the structure of the U.S. government; the separation of powers between branches of the federal government; federalism and states' rights; and the balance of the interests of the government with that of the individual in a diverse society.

Directions to NCC

To download and view a map of each NCC campus, click here.

Library to Go pickup at the Bethlehem campus is located at the Circulation Desk in Mack Library, on the 4th Floor of College Center (building number 3 on this map).


Library to Go pickup at the Monroe campus is located at the service desk in the ESSA Library, which is in Keystone Hall (building number 2 on this map).


NCC Bethlehem campus

3835 Green Pond Road
Bethlehem, PA 18020


From North, East or West: Find your best route to Route 22. Take the Route 191 exit. At end of the ramp, turn RIGHT onto Route 191 North. One-tenth of a mile from the exit ramp, turn RIGHT onto Brodhead Road (before the Brodhead Road stoplight). Follow Brodhead Road until you come to a stop sign, turn RIGHT onto Hecktown Road. Proceed past the Hecktown Road entrance and turn left onto Green Pond Road. The Green Pond Road entrance to the campus will be on your RIGHT. The entrance to the Gates Center will be on your LEFT.

From the South: Take Interstate 78 to Route 33 North. Go to second exit, William Penn Highway, and turn LEFT. Pass Farmersville Elementary School on left, Municipal Building on right. Take the first RIGHT after the Municipal Building onto Oakland Road. Stay on Oakland Road until you see the entrance to the College on your RIGHT.

NCC Monroe campus

2411 Route 715
Tannersville, PA 18372



From Interstate 80: Take Exit 299 for Tannersville. Go SOUTH on Route 715 for one mile. The College entrance is on the RIGHT at Warner Road, just past Railroad Avenue.

From Tannersville & Route 611: Take Route 611 to Route 715 South. Go SOUTH on Route 715 for one mile. The College entrance is on the RIGHT at Warner Road, just past Railroad Avenue.

From points west of Tannersville: Take Route 715 NORTH toward Tannersville. The College entrance is on the LEFT at Warner Road, one mile before Interstate 80.

Another Win for Women's Soccer -- This Time for Equal Pay

The U.S. Women's National Soccer Team (USWNT) has settled its six-year lawsuit against the U.S. Soccer Federation for $24 million, ending a high-profile fight for women to receive compensation and working conditions equal to men who perform the same job. For more information, read these news stories:

  • USWNT, U.S. Soccer Federation settle equal pay lawsuit for $24 million -- ESPN
  • U.S. Soccer and Women’s Players Agree to Settle Equal Pay Lawsuit -- New York Times
  • U.S. Women’s Soccer Players, U.S. Soccer Federation Reach $24 Million Equal Pay Settlement -- Wall Street Journal

One of the central issues in equal pay litigation has been the question of whether the 14th Amendment's promise of equal protection applies to working conditions, such as salary. The Equal Pay Act, passed in 1963, protects against wage discrimination based on sex, and covers both men and women. There are several elements that must be met in compensation discrimination complaints under the Equal Pay Act: the jobs being compared must require substantially equal skill, effort, and responsibility, and be performed under similar working conditions within the same establishment.

Despite passage of the Equal Pay Act, women's earnings have continued to lag behind men's in most sectors of the economy. Other legislation, such as the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, passed in 2009, and the Paycheck Fairness Act (still waiting to be passed by Congress), have attempted to remedy the situation.

For more information about the pay gap and gender discrimination in the workplace, take a look at these books.

It's easy to borrow books with LIBRARY to GO!

Good news!

Even though both NCC Libraries are open again, you can still borrow books and other materials remotely by using our Library to Go service. You can choose quick pickup on campus, or free delivery to your home.

Use Library to Go PLUS to request:

  • Access to materials that your instructor has put on electronic reserve in Blackboard;
  • Scanned pages from reference books like encyclopedias;
  • Scanned articles from print journals in the Library's Periodicals Tower.

Contact a Librarian

Profile Photo
Anne Bittner
Mack Library
Northampton Community College
College Center, 4th Floor
Subjects: Business, Paralegal

Prepared By

This Research Guide was updated February 22, 2022 by Anne Bittner.