An original research article is based on new evidence or research from a study or experiment. The researchers are the first to report on the findings from their experiment or study. These articles have gone through the peer-review process which validates the results of the original research.
Generally an original research article has a standard format with the following pieces:
2. Introduction/background: overview or summary of the article, experiment or study, background for why the authors did this research
3. Methods or methodology: how was the experiment/study conducted, who or what was studied, and how many participated
4. Results: what happened as a result of the study, what are the findings
5. Discussion/Conclusion: what did the researchers observe from the experiment or study, is further study needed, did the experiment prove or disprove the hypothesis
6. References: what sources did the researchers use in the article to support their findings
7. Graphs, Charts, Tables are generally found in these types of articles