Author’s last namespace First name initial Middle name Initial.
Author's name: Joseph S. Martin
Last name: Martin
First name initial: J
Middle name initial: S
In citation: Martin JS.
The only punctuation used with the name is a period at the end. Do not use more than two initials.
Websites: The author could be a company or an organization.
Author’s last namespace First name initial Middle name initial,space2nd Author’s last namespaceFirst name initial Middle name initial.
Author's names: Shruti Garg and A.R. Pradeep
First author's name: Garg S
Second author's name: Pradeep AR
Garg S, Pradeep AR
Author's are listed in the order they appear on the article. A comma separates the first author and the second author with a period at the end.
Author’s last namespace First name initial Middle name initial,space2nd Author’s last namespaceFirst name initial Middle name initial, 3rd Author’s last namespace First name initial Middle name initial.
Author’s last namespace First name initial Middle name initial,space2nd Author’s last namespaceFirst name initial Middle name initial, 3rd Author’s last namespace First name initial Middle name initial, et al.
Capitalize only the first word of a title. Also capitalize proper nouns, names of people, places, or diseases, acronyms.
Foundations of periodontics
Color atlas of common oral diseases
Oral health sourcebook
Capitalize only the first word of the title. Also capitalize proper nouns, names of people, places, or diseases, acronyms.
Issues related to single-tooth implants
Oral heath care of Japanese children
Management of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in the dental setting
Evolution of TMD diagnosis
Determining the title of a website or part of a website can be confusing.
Title of website is usually the name of the website, such as American Dental Association, Crest, or Northampton Community College.
Can be found as the web address
Usually bold letters for the title
Title of the part of the website is usually the name of that webpage, such as NCC Library or Crest Toothpaste
Usually it is a heading before the content
May be part of the website
Capitalize the main words in the journal name. Do not capitalize: a, an, and, the, prepositions (of, by, about). Use the full name of the journal, do not abbreviate.
Journal of Periodontology
BMC Oral Health
Journal of Dental Hygiene
The place of publication for a website is the location of the company or organization that published the website.
It may be listed at the bottom of the website.
Check the "about us" or "contact us" section of the website.
Look for a mailing address.
If you don't find it, you can search for the mailing address using Google or Firefox.
All books have a publisher.
This information is located on the first page of the book, along with the title and the copyright.
The date of publication for a book is the copyright date.
Date of publication for websites and part of a website can be confusing
For parts of websites
The date cited is the date that you found the article or the date that you printed the article to use in your paper.
The format is : [cited year month day]
1. year: 2017
2. month is the three letter abbreviation of the month
3. day: the actual day of the month
Example: [cited 2017 Mar 12]
The volume, issue, and page numbers can be found in a variety of locations. It can be found on the article, either on the first page or at the bottom of the pages. It can be found it the citation of the search results in EBSCOhost or PubMed Central. It can be found in the web address.
The format is: volume(issue):page range. Example: 7(2):107-127. In the example 7 is the volume number. 2 is the issue number. 107-127 is the page range for the article, beginning with the first page and ending with the last page.
Example A is from the search results in PMC. The volume, issue and page numbers are already in the correct foramt: 47(11):1012-1033.
Example B is from the search results in EBSCOhost. The format would be 107(6):54-55.
Example C is from a PDF of the article. In the case the volume, issue and page are in the top right corner of the first page of the article: The format would be 96(6):640-646.
It is preferred that you use the web address/url for the PDF version of the article. Generally, the url is too long to fit on one line of your reference page. It is ok for it to be broken into a few liines.
In PMC, choose the option for PDF to open the article and then copy and paste the url into the citation. The url will have a pdf at the end.
Example 1: Available from:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3939610/pdf/nihms-547321.pdf
In EBSCOhost, you will use the permalink as the url for the article.
When you open the PDF the article, there are symbols on the right side of the screen. Look for this one and click on it. You will notice the following display at the top of the article.
Simply copy and paste the entire link into your reference list:
In EBSCO Discovery Service, copy the web address from the address bar for the article.